Root Canal Treatment (RCT)
Our teeth are vital and respond to thermal stimulus. underneath dentin is an area of soft tissue called the pulp that contains nerves, blood vessels and connective tissue. It extends from the crown of the tooth (Pulp Chamber) to the tip of the root (Root Canals) The pulp can get infected due to a deep cavity or fracture. Once the pulp gets infected, tooth becomes non vital or dead and results in severe pain. Root canal treatment is a dental procedure in which the infected or damaged pulp of a tooth is removed, canals are made infection free and the inside areas are filled and sealed. After the tooth becomes symptom free, it can be resored either by a filling or Crown.
Need for root canal treatment
Root canal treatment saves teeth that would otherwise need to be extracted. Infection of the pulp if not treated can allow pus to build up at the root tip. This results in abscess formation that can cause damage to the bone around the teeth
Root Canal Treatment is usally done either as one sitting procedure or multiple sitting procedure. In the first sitting, The Pulp chamber is is reached with the help of dental drill after removing all the decayed and carious dentine. The pulp is removed with the help of specially designed needles. After doing Bio Mechanical Preperation of the canals, the canals are dried and then sealed with sealants and root canal filling. Depending upon the infection status of the tooth, sometimes more number of sittings are required. Once the root canal treatment is over the tooth is fit for restoration.